By Jerrold J. Katz, Paul M. Postal
The authors supply a idea about the nature of a linguistic description, that's, a theoretical assertion concerning the form of description linguist is ready to supply of a usual language. This thought seeks to combine the generative belief of phonology and syntax built through Chomsky and Halle, with the notion of semantics proposed via Katz and Fodor. The authors show that the mixing inside of one concept of those conceptions of phonology, syntax, and semantics clarifies, extra systematizes, and justifies each one of them. in addition they convey that such integration sheds enormous gentle upon the character of linguistic universals, that's, upon the character of language. fundamental concentration is put on the relation among the syntactic and the semantic parts of a linguistic description.
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Additional resources for An Integrated Theory of Linguistic Descriptions
Cases where the same string of mor, The Syntactic and Semantic Components 28 phemes is dominated by two different constituents. Such ambiguity is, however, a pervading feature of final derived Pmarkers and actual sentences and is thus due to transformational operations. 5. For a more adequate and detailed account rules, cf. 6. 7. Chomsky (1955 a, 1957, 1961, of transformational 1962, 1964 b). Katz and Fodor (1963). The fact that meanings are analyzable into subcomponents insight and basis for so-called ‘componential analysis', an approach to semantics that has developed in is the chief Cf.
We choose (c) because it most naturally expresses the generalization that no singulary transformation has a semantic effect. It effectively says that none of the syntactic changes produced by the operation of singulary transformations on underlying P-markers are relevant to the meaning of the resulting structures. Furthermore, (c) seems to be the most natural and intuitive choice because, as noted earlier, derived P-markers are completely determined by underlying Pmarkers and T- markers, and hence derived P-markers contain no independent information.
Singulary Transformations 41 Next, whatever the semantic interpretation assigned to it must be identical with ( 19 ) ( 1 6) that assigned to he looked up the number because these sentences are full paraphrases of each other. The verb in 19 is not discontinuous, and there is a single, motivated set of readings in the dictionary for the lexical item look up Clearly, the best semantic theory is one which employs PI to assign a semantic interpretation to sentences such as (19) and then gives the same semantic interpretation to sentences such as (16), in some way avoiding the use of P2 or any ad hoc types of rules (should these be devised) on the derived P-markers containing the discontinuous lexical items.
An Integrated Theory of Linguistic Descriptions by Jerrold J. Katz, Paul M. Postal