By Khaled Fahmy
Whereas scholarship has commonly considered Mehmed Ali Pasha because the founding father of smooth Egypt, Khaled Fahmy deals a brand new interpretation of his position within the upward push of Egyptian nationalism, firmly finding him in the Ottoman context as an formidable, if complicated, Ottoman reformer. Basing his paintings on formerly overlooked archival fabric, the writer demonstrates how Mehmed Ali sought to improve the Egyptian economic climate and to accumulate the military, no longer as a method of gaining Egyptian independence from the Ottoman empire, yet to extra his personal goals for famous hereditary rule over the province. through targeting the military and the soldier’s day-by-day stories, the writer constructs an in depth photograph of makes an attempt at modernization and reform, how they have been deliberate and carried out through numerous reformers, and the way the general public at huge understood and accommodated them. during this means, the paintings contributes to the bigger methodological and theoretical debates referring to nation-building and the development of kingdom energy within the specific context of early nineteenth-century Egypt.
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Extra info for All the Pasha's Men: Mehmed Ali His Army and the Making of Modern Egypt
191. al-Raf I, 'Asr Muhammad 'AK, p. 331. "86 European nation-states came into being not only through the spread of nationalist feelings and sentiments but also through the states' monopoly of means of violence and their amassing of administrative and military measures that enabled them to extend their authority and control over remote regions in a permanent and stable manner. Studying Mehmed Ali's army offers a good opportunity to verify whether a similar process could be detected in the Egyptian case, and if the growing power of the Egyptian state in the first half of the nineteenth century could be attributed to its effective monopoly of means of violence.
98. It has to be stated that this book is not a rigorous attempt to study Mehmed Ali's economic policy, a study that would require consulting the documents of Divan-i Fabnqat, the Factories Department, housed in the Egyptian National Archives, which have only recently been cataloged. The Pasha and Palmerston 21 institution. 49 It has to be admitted, however, that not all nationalist historians are so dismissive of the inherent problems encountered by the Pasha's "experiment" and some of them do highlight the significant obstacles that were faced in founding the modern army with its related institutions of hospitals, schools, "factories," etc.
With all her past glory and previous power behind her Egypt could not deliver herself from this oppression; she had to await a Savior, a Prince, who would appear as in an Epiphany to deliver her from her misery and restore her previous glory and prominence. This Deliverer finally appeared in the person of Mehmed Ali who, as soon as he heard Egypt's pleas to be saved, descended literally from the sky to lift her from her misery and sorrow. In a nutshell this is how Egyptian historiography of Mehmed Ali is written, although never so passionately and seldom so eloquently.
All the Pasha's Men: Mehmed Ali His Army and the Making of Modern Egypt by Khaled Fahmy