By Asami Miketa, Keywan Riahi, Richard Alexander Roehrl, Leo Schrattenholzer
Sustainable improvement and worldwide weather switch have figured prominently in clinical research and foreign policymaking because the early Nineteen Nineties. This publication formulates expertise recommendations that would bring about environmentally sustainable power platforms, in accordance with an research of worldwide weather swap concerns utilizing the concept that of sustainable improvement. The authors concentrate on environmentally suitable, long term know-how advancements in the worldwide strength method, whereas additionally contemplating facets of financial and social sustainability. The authors study a great number of replacement situations and illustrate the diversities among those who meet the factors for sustainable improvement and people who don't. due to their research, they determine quite a few promising socio-economic and environmental improvement paths which are in line with sustainable improvement. One sustainable-development situation and its coverage implications are then offered intimately from a know-how switch point of view. The authors suggest formidable ambitions for expertise adoption which are judged to accomplish the specified socio-economic and environmental objectives. even if the optimum coverage combine to pursue those ambitions is obviously country-specific, the authors recommend that energy-related R&D that ends up in know-how functionality advancements and the merchandising of know-how adoption in area of interest markets are the coverage recommendations on the way to yield the main major long term merits. Policymakers, economists and researchers engaged on sustainability, strength economics, and know-how switch and innovation will welcome this topical and hugely readable e-book.
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Additional info for Achieving a sustainable global energy system: identifying possibilities using long-term energy scenarios
We begin with geological resources. 3), which classifies occurrences of geological resources according to two criteria, economic feasibility and geological assurance. The words used to describe diﬀerent attributes of these two criteria are not always the same. 3 we follow Rogner (1997). 3 depend on technological progress. In the case of drilling for crude oil, the example of North Sea oil shows that the economic feasibility of production can increase through progress in drilling techniques, and geological assurance of any occurrence of minerals can be increased by progress in exploration techniques.
And R. Swart (eds) (2000), Emissions Scenarios, Special Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press. , A. Grübler and A. McDonald (eds) (1998), Global Energy Perspectives, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. , A. Grübler, A. Inaba, S. Messner, S. Nilsson et al. (1993), ‘Longterm strategies for mitigating global warming’, Energy, 18(5), 401–609. , A. Grübler, N. Nakic´enovic´, M. Obersteiner, K. Riahi, L. Schrattenholzer and F. Toth (2003), ‘Planning for future energy resources’, letter to Science, 300(5619), 581–2, 25 April 2003.
Of these three sets, the high-impact scenarios show the widest ranges of market shares for almost all technologies, indicating the high overall uncertainty surrounding the adoption of some electricity technologies in scenarios that are classified essentially according to their lack of policies with regard to climate mitigation. There are two notable exceptions to this general observation. The ranges for gas combined-cycle power plants (GasCC) in 2050, and fuel cells based on fossil fuels (FossilFC) in 2100 are larger in the CO2 mitigation scenarios than in the high-impact scenarios.
Achieving a sustainable global energy system: identifying possibilities using long-term energy scenarios by Asami Miketa, Keywan Riahi, Richard Alexander Roehrl, Leo Schrattenholzer