By Margarita Diaz-Andreu
Margarita Diaz-Andreu deals an leading edge historical past of archaeology throughout the 19th century, encompassing all its fields from the origins of humanity to the medieval interval, and all parts of the realm. the improvement of archaeology is put in the framework of latest political occasions, with a specific concentration upon the ideologies of nationalism and imperialism. Diaz-Andreu examines a variety of matters, together with the construction of associations, the conversion of the examine of antiquities right into a career, public reminiscence, adjustments in archaeological suggestion and perform, and the impression on archaeology of racism, faith, the idea in development, hegemony, and resistance.
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Additional resources for A World History of Nineteenth-Century Archaeology: Nationalism, Colonialism, and the Past (Oxford Studies in the History of Archaeology)
The papacy needed to restore its credibility after the schism in the fourteenth century, which had taken their control to Avignon, an event that resulted in three Popes ruling at the same time (Hollingsworth 1994: 227–33). Back in Italy, the Popes of the Wfteenth century employed a great number of humanists while commissioning the most extensive exploitation of antiquities known until then in the city of Rome (Hollingsworth 1994: 245–58; Schnapp 1993: 122–30). Most of these excavations undertaken aimed to provide prestigious materials and works of art for new buildings, gardens and urban landscapes.
Widely used handbooks like Daniel’s A Hundred and Fifty Years of Archaeology (1975) and Trigger’s A History of Archaeological Thought (1989) mainly focus on prehistory and to a certain extent the archaeology of the Great Civilizations, but silence the civilizations beyond Europe, Egypt and the Near East. The centuryold Adolf Michaelis Die archa¨ologischen Entdeckungen des 19. Jahrhunderts (1906) (A Century of Archaeological Discoveries, 1908) limited itself to the archaeology of the classical Great Civilizations, as did Ranuccio Bianchi Bandinelli’s Introduzione all’archeologia classica come storia dell’arte antica (Introduction to classical archaeology as history of ancient art) seventy years after.
However, the signs of modernity were becoming more evident, as shown by the fact that some of these collections were already lodged in universities in the sixteenth century. A collection of objects from the West Indies, for example, was given by Cardinal Cisneros to the Complutense University in Spain (Alcina Franch 1995: 22) (see below). Most of the collections, however, were kept in private houses. This interest in antiquities, in which the object was increasingly valued for its age and not for what it meant in antiquity, crystallized in the Wrst legislation 38 Early Archaeology of Great Civilizations promulgated regarding antiquities.
A World History of Nineteenth-Century Archaeology: Nationalism, Colonialism, and the Past (Oxford Studies in the History of Archaeology) by Margarita Diaz-Andreu