By Jennifer Pitts
A dramatic shift in British and French rules approximately empire spread out within the sixty years straddling the flip of the 19th century. As Jennifer Pitts exhibits in A flip to Empire, Adam Smith, Edmund Burke, and Jeremy Bentham have been between many firstly of this era to criticize ecu empires as unjust in addition to politically and economically disastrous for the conquering international locations. by means of the mid-nineteenth century, despite the fact that, the main well-liked British and French liberal thinkers, together with John Stuart Mill and Alexis de Tocqueville, vigorously supported the conquest of non-European peoples. Pitts explains that this mirrored an increase in civilizational self-confidence, as theories of human development turned extra triumphalist, much less nuanced, and not more tolerant of cultural distinction. whilst, imperial enlargement overseas got here to be noticeable as a political undertaking that may help the emergence of good liberal democracies inside of Europe. Pitts exhibits that liberal thinkers frequently celebrated for respecting not just human equality and liberty but additionally pluralism supported an inegalitarian and decidedly nonhumanitarian overseas politics. but such moments signify now not an important function of liberal concept yet a impressive departure from perspectives shared by way of accurately these late-eighteenth-century thinkers whom Mill and Tocqueville observed as their forebears. Fluently written, A flip to Empire bargains a unique overview of contemporary political inspiration and foreign justice, and an illuminating viewpoint on carrying on with debates over empire, intervention, and liberal political commitments.
Read or Download A Turn to Empire: The Rise of Imperial Liberalism in Britain and France PDF
Similar conservatism & liberalism books
Tracing the transformation of liberal political ideology from the top of the Civil battle to the early 20th century, Nancy Cohen deals a brand new interpretation of the origins and personality of recent liberalism. She argues that the values and courses linked to sleek liberalism have been formulated no longer through the revolutionary period, as so much bills continue, yet past, within the very various social context of the Gilded Age.
Do not blame al-Qaeda. do not blame Ashcroft. glance to your self. because the terrorist assaults of Sept. 11, the U.S. has been swinging from one severe to a different. firstly, such a lot voters have been so fearful approximately being killed that they referred to as for safety at nearly any expense. Then, whilst that rate grew to become transparent, a few electorate protested that the volume was once too excessive.
The advanced and dating among protectionism and Conservatism in nineteenth-century Britain is the focal point of this ebook. It seems to be at how the constructing free-trade orthodoxy was once challenged inside of Conservatism, and provides new views at the highbrow controversies which brought about the Conservative party's cut up of 1846 and the problematic denouement of 1846-52.
AlterNet editor Joshua Holland demolishes the Right's greatest and such a lot outrageous myths in regards to the economyTaxes kill development. hard work unions harm their individuals. govt rules destroys jobs. those are only many of the largest lies within the internet of incorrect information spun through conservatives and the Chamber of trade.
- Freedom Not Yet: Liberation and the Next World Order
- Liberal Internationalism: Theory, History, Practice
- Neo-Liberal Scotland: Class and Society in a Stateless Nation
- Liberalism's Crooked Circle
- God in the Corridors of Power: Christian Conservatives, the Media, and Politics in America
- Trotskyism (Concepts in Social Thought)
Additional resources for A Turn to Empire: The Rise of Imperial Liberalism in Britain and France
And yet Smith’s theory is unusual in its refusal to rank societies or deprecate members of less “polished” societies, and Smith did not draw on it to support civilizing European rule over other societies, as theorists of progress, almost without exception, did in the nineteenth century. Despite Smith’s own nonjudgmental approach to non-European societies, it is unsurprising that his theory of development may have left an ambivalent legacy: that the categories and historical arguments he introduced were deployed by others to justify civilizing imperial rule.
As I will argue, a theory of progress need not imply a pejorative assessment of less “advanced” peoples or support for European colonial expansion. Smith’s most important philosophical differences with his successors, particularly those in the nineteenth century, lie in his complex account of historical change and in his distinctive moral psychology and moral philosophy. Some of the central features of Smith’s theory of societal development were shared by other Scottish conjectural historians, although of all the Scottish historians he was the most consistently respectful of precommercial societies as well as the most consistently skeptical about European claims to superiority and the expansion of European political power around the globe.
17) Efforts to impose radical societal change, Smith suggests, are likely to be ineffective or even dangerous. Smith’s attention to the unforeseen consequences of human action produces a tempered approach to politics without putting a halt to political action or efforts toward improvement and reform. 36 If, as moral and political agents, we understand the moral order or logic of society to be partly opaque to us, we will be more tempered in our efforts to deploy great power, and especially violence, for distant and uncertain ends.
A Turn to Empire: The Rise of Imperial Liberalism in Britain and France by Jennifer Pitts