Get A History of the Crusades, Volume II: The Later Crusades, PDF

By Kenneth M. Setton, Robert Lee Wolff, Harry W. Hazard

ISBN-10: 0299048446

ISBN-13: 9780299048440

The six volumes of A historical past of the Crusades will stand because the definitive heritage of the Crusades, spanning 5 centuries, encompassing Jewish, Moslem, and Christian views, and containing a wealth of knowledge and research of the background, politics, economics, and tradition of the medieval world.


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Each kept an anxious eye on the other while secretly competing for the shah’s ear, the Russians pushing to get on with the attack, the British seeking to mediate a peace settlement. The British mission was headed by a well-known Russophobe, John McNeill, a Scottish diplomatist and surgeon whom Palmerston had appointed to replace Ellis in May 1836. McNeill relied on an extensive network of native spies, euphemistically known as ‘newswriters’, to provide intelligence on movements within the Persian camp, and even to pass on the contents of official correspondence between the shah and his Russian allies.

Masson was an adventurer and traveller, who sometimes went in the wilderness as a starving beggar, on other occasions as a gentleman at ease with all the trappings of wealth. Masson was a pioneering archaeologist and numismatist, whose work enabled later scholars to unfold the history of Buddhism in Afghanistan. The Masson Collection of several thousand ancient coins is one of the British Museum’s numismatic treasures. Masson was in reality a fugitive on the run, a deserter from the Indian Army.

The crafty vizier at once saw that Pottinger’s British Army experience and Government connections might be put to good use. Pottinger was invited to take on the role of strategic adviser in the defence of Herat. When hostilities began, one of his first efforts was to organize the cavalry sorties along professional lines, only to find himself frustrated by the persistent lack of discipline in the ranks. Pottinger could do little to organize an effective offensive strategy, therefore most of his efforts were concerned with keeping the Persians at bay outside the ramparts, as well as acting as mediator between the shah and Kamran.

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A History of the Crusades, Volume II: The Later Crusades, 1189-1311 by Kenneth M. Setton, Robert Lee Wolff, Harry W. Hazard

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