By Kenneth M. Setton, Harry W. Hazard
The six volumes of A heritage of the Crusades will stand because the definitive heritage of the Crusades, spanning 5 centuries, encompassing Jewish, Moslem, and Christian views, and containing a wealth of data and research of the background, politics, economics, and tradition of the medieval international
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Extra resources for A History of the Crusades, Vol. 3: The Fourteenth and Fifteenth Centuries
The Jews, who owned land and vineyards, were especially engaged in commerce with Egypt, and developed rich intellectual activity in Gaza. (Ben Zvi, 1953:167) The Jewish community came to an end during the First World War. Given that before Islam the Arabs and particularly the Meccans were very well acquainted with Gaza, which they frequently visited on their trade voyages, it was GAZA (GHAZZAH) 23 only natural that when the invasion of Syria began in 633, the first contingent, led by #Amr b. al-#$ß would head for Gaza.
Al-Akr§d there are 406 Kurdish households in comparison to only 195 households among the Turkm§ns. We also learn from these documents that the jundi§n-i-Èalqah, who were remnants of the Mamlåk military units, lived as a separate, small community in the GAZA (GHAZZAH) 31 Saj§#iyyah. They dwindled in time until, from the 44 households that were in two Quarters in Gaza (Saj§#iyyah and al-Khu·ar) in 964/1556-57 there were only 60 persons there in 1005/1596-97. (Cohen-Lewis, op. cit. ). The name al-Judaydah for the Kurdish quarter may be related to the Kurds who settled in the Saj§#iyyah and brought with them the name of the town near Måßul, their place of origin, called al-Judaydah.
It was then a large, populous city, with many mosques; he mentions particularly the one Old Friday Mosque and a new one built by the AmÊr Sanjar al-J§wlÊ. (Le Strange, 1890:441-443) In 1432, Bertrandon de la Brocquière traveled through Gaza and praised the justice of its governor, whose name he did not know. (He was Sayf ad-DÊn Abå an-Naßr ^n§l al-#Al§"Ê. Governor: 831/1428-836/1433. Later Sultan: 858/1453865/1460. ” (Early Travels, 1848:289) From the late 15th century comes the description of the Italian Jewish traveller Meshullam of Volterra which is more detailed than the previous ones.
A History of the Crusades, Vol. 3: The Fourteenth and Fifteenth Centuries by Kenneth M. Setton, Harry W. Hazard