By Michael Axworthy
Iran is a land of contradictions.
It is an Islamic republic, yet one during which basically 1.4 percentage of the inhabitants attend Friday prayers. Iran's non secular tradition encompasses the main censorious and dogmatic Shi'a Muslim clerics on this planet, but its poetry insistently dwells at the joys of existence: wine, good looks, intercourse. Iranian girls are topic to 1 of the main restrictive costume codes within the Islamic global, yet make up approximately 60 percentage of the coed inhabitants of the nation's universities.
In A background of Iran, acclaimed historian Michael Axworthy chronicles the wealthy historical past of this complicated state from the Achaemenid Empire of 6th century B.C. to the present-day Islamic Republic. In attractive prose, this revised version explains the army, political, non secular, and cultural forces that experience formed one of many oldest carrying on with civilizations on the earth, bringing us up sleek instances. Concluding with an review of the tremendous adjustments the country has passed through because the revolution in 1979, together with a detailed examine Iran's ongoing makes an attempt to turn into a nuclear strength, A background of Iran deals common readers a necessary consultant to figuring out this unstable kingdom, that is once more on the middle of the world's realization.
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Extra info for A History of Iran: Empire of the Mind (Revised & Updated Edition)
19 Within Iraqi Kurdistan, population estimates are further compounded because there has been much population movement within the territory, as well as away from it. To some extent, this problem in Iraqi Kurdistan should have been alleviated by the influx of humanitarian aid agencies following the Second Gulf War. These agencies conducted large surveys, and the World Food Programme (WFP) became responsible for distributing a food ration to every person in the territory. However, surprisingly, there is still no consensus among the large agencies as to the total population of Iraqi Kurdistan.
In a land-locked area such as Iraqi Kurdistan, physical geographical inﬂuences and geopolitical considerations are omnipresent within political actions. Aspects of physical geography have been responsible for many dynamics of Kurdish history, with constituent states coveting the Kurdish regions for natural resources and security of their respective states. The human geography of the region is addressed with an appraisal of population and political geography. A vital aspect of identity for Kurds is their linguistic characteristics.
From a Kurdish perspective, the Governorate of Erbil lost the area south of Qushtapa and Taq-Taq, and the Governorate of Kirkuk was left mainly under the authority of the GOI, including the oil-city of Kirkuk and the important Kurdish town of Tuz Khurmuta. The area known as Garmian, centred on the town of Darbandikhan and including Kalar and Kifri to the south, was left in the hands of the Kurdish forces. Further problems arose between the Governorates of Erbil and Suleimaniyah in 1996 after the internecine ﬁghting between the PUK and KDP, which commenced when the KDP captured Erbil City, with the assistance of the forces of the GOI, on 31 August 1996.
A History of Iran: Empire of the Mind (Revised & Updated Edition) by Michael Axworthy